Argument: Corporal punishment is justifiable as a last resort
Ken Gallinger. "Ethically Speaking". Toronto Star: "Spanking is an act of violence, so ethically, it could be justified only if there was absolutely no other way to improve the way kids act."
Robert Larzelere, Boys' Home: "...optimal disciplinary responses begin with less severe tactics, such as reasoning, but proceed to firmer disciplinary tactics when the initial tactic achieves neither compliance nor an acceptable compromise."