Argument: Publics favor maintaining unique cultural heritages and multiculturalism
- "Assimilation vs. Multiculturalism: Views from a Community in France". Wallace E. Lambert, Fathali M. Moghaddam, Jean Sorin, Simone Sorin. Sociological Forum, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Sep., 1990), pp. 387-411 - "A recent American survey of attitudes toward societal multiculturalism vs. assimilation has found surprisingly widespread support for maintaining heritage cultures not only among immigrant minority groups but also among most subsamples of majority "host" groups, black and white. Working-class whites are the one exception. This pilot study explores the same attitude domain in a contrasting European setting. Randomly selected samples of middle- and working-class families (a mother, father, and teenage son or daughter) from a small city in France were interviewed. As a group, they were neutral to slightly favorable to immigrants maintaining heritage cultures and languages rather than losing them through assimilation. On measures of attitudes toward specific immigrant groups, there were marked intergroup differences with "Maghrebian Arabs" rated least favorably and Southeast Asians, the "model" immigrants, most favorably. Comparisons of subgroups of respondents who varied in terms of (a) political left-right orientation, (b) social class standing, (c) degree of religiosity, and (d) generational level provide the base for a more general discussion of cultural assimilation and multiculturalism."