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Debate: China is headed for a revolution

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Is China headed for a revolution?

Background and context

China's growth and its human rights problems have been discussed on various occasions. The current situation in China begs the question - is China headed for a revolution, or isit at least headed for some enforced changes of policies that would benefit China's citizens?

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Economics: Are China's economic policies unsustainable?

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Pro

  • Cheap labour is becoming scarce, thus making China less competitive. As cheap labour force that attracts foreign investors is becoming scarce, China needs to implement policies concerning the labour market conditions and welfare system in order to uphold its comparative advantage.
  • Appalling working conditions. Given the fact that millions of Chinese people still live in poverty and their working conditions and salaries are not getting better, the people are not motivated to work harder and thus to help China rise, and they are also more prone to be less efficient at work, thus harming Chinese economy.
  • China is selling us $273 billion per year more than America is selling China — why would it possibly want a trade war?



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Con

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Environment: Do China's policies need to change?

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Pro

  • Environment and economics is not a zero-sum game. China is one of the two biggest polluters in the world. Clearly, this policy of exacerbating natural resources is unsustainable and therefore it is on the cards that China's policy will change. If it doesn't, China's economy could collapse.





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Con

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Politics: Does China show a tendency to change?

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Pro

  • The Chinese have shown tendency to be revolutionary, as shown during the communist uprising and the cultural revolution. There have been many revolutions in Chinese History: Taiping, Boxer, Miao, Li, Nien to name but a few. Chinese people historically are inclined to revolt against injustice. Every year, there are tens of thousands of riots, protests and strikes that erupt in China. There have been large scale protests and riots recently in Yunnan, Chengdu, Shanghai, Zengcheng, Guangzhou, Chaozhou, Urumqi, again to name but a few.






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Con

  • Revolutions, as they are known in Europe, are highly unlikely to happen in China. Chinese people are not revolutionaries. They prefer work, cherish family, and do not tend to rebel and shed blood. It is simply not in their nature to overthrow the government by violent means.





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Legitimacy: Is The CCP's Legitimacy Stable?

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Pro

  • CCP's Actions Contradict Marxism The current regime was founded in a revolution based on Marxism-Leninism. People are taught that the Communist Party's ultimate goal is to transition China into a fully classless society. But all of China's policies are in complete contradiction to this. The gap between the rich and the poor in China is growing. Workers have less protections than in Western capitalist countries. The government uses its ownership of the land to lease to giant corporations while kicking out ordinary Chinese people i.e. it uses socialism to benefit the rich at the expense of the poor. The justifications the CCP uses for these policies and explanations for how this fits in with Marxist-Leninist theory are flimsy. When a regime's justification for its own existance conflicts with its actions people are less likely to support it. Even if most passively accept its existance they still lose respect for it and the smallest incident can end that passive acceptance.



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Con

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See also

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