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Standards:IDEA International Parliamentary Debate Championship Tournament Series

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The IDEA / National Parliamentary Debate Association (NPDA) International Parliamentary Debate Championship Tournament Series is sponsored by IDEA-USA and is promoted in Europe by IDEA-NL. The event is sanctioned by both IDEA and the NPDA. The purpose of the IDEA / NPDA International Parliamentary Debate Championship Tournament Series is to provide a high-quality parliamentary debate tournament bringing together college students from around the globe.

The tournament series consists of two three-day tournaments separated by one travel day. Although the tournament dates will vary from year to year, the tournaments should generally occur between late December and the middle of January. Two tournament sites should be chosen at least one year in advance. Every attempt should be made to rotate the sites among different IDEA countries from year to year. The two sites chosen should be near enough to one another to facilitate travel between the two tournament sites.

Series Personnel

Each tournament should be organized by a three-part team consisting of a Tournament Coordinator chosen by IDEA, one or more Tournament Director(s) for each of the tournaments chosen by NPDA, and a Tournament Host selected by IDEA. Each of these team members should be selected at least one year prior to the tournaments.

The IDEA Tournament Coordinator

1. The IDEA-USA Board of Directors should name the IDEA Tournament Coordinator.

2. The duties of the IDEA Tournament Coordinator include to:

  • Contact potential tournament hosts and select a host for each tournament at least one year prior to the tournaments.
  • Negotiate financial arrangements with the Tournament Host.
  • Work with the Tournament Director to develop a tournament invitation to be posted on the IDEA website prior to September 1st.
  • Develop an online registration system, and to coordinate the actual registration process with the Tournament Director.

The NPDA Tournament Director(s)

1. The President of the NPDA will appoint the Tournament Director(s). One person may be named as the Tournament Director for both tournaments or each of the two tournaments may have a different Tournament Director. The Tournament Director(s) will be responsible for his or her travel expenses to and from the tournament, but will not be expected to pay the registration fee for that tournament.

2. The duties of the Tournament Director(s) include to:

  • Work with the IDEA Tournament Coordinator to prepare a tournament invitation for posting on the IDEA website prior to September 1.
  • Promote the tournament within the United States.
  • Secure tournament sanctioning through NPDA.
  • Coordinate the online registration process with the IDEA webmaster.
  • Manage the operation of the actual tournament.

3. In extreme circumstances, the Tournament Director may deviate from these standards when his or her decision to do so is approved by IDEA-USA.

The Tournament Host

1. The IDEA Tournament Coordinator will appoint the Tournament Host. This appointment will occur as soon as reasonably possible after the selection of the tournament site. One host will be appointed from each site.

2. The duties of the Tournament Host include to:

  • Appoint an organizing committee of persons from the host country.
  • Negotiate financial arrangements with the IDEA Tournament Coordinator.
  • Conduct local fund-raising to support the tournament.
  • Work with the IDEA Tournament Coordinator to select an appropriate hotel for housing of debaters and judges.
  • Facilitate local transportation and transportation between the two tournaments.
  • Work with participants to arrange for visas.
  • Work with the IDEA Tournament Coordinator to arrange appropriate meal arrangements for debaters and judges.
  • Provide adequate space for the Tournament Director to manage the operation of the tournament.
  • Provide adequate space for the preliminary and elimination rounds of the debate tournament.
  • Provide appropriate awards for all teams advancing to elimination rounds and for the top ten speakers.

Debate Format and Motions

The IDEA / NPDA International Parliamentary Debate Championship Tournament Series will follow the rules of IDEA Two Team and Four Team Parliamentary Debate. These rules differ from the NPDA rules by not including Points of Order. A different motion will be used for each round of debate. The motion will be presented to the debaters twenty minutes prior to the beginning of each debate.

Tournament Entries

Schools and debate clubs can enter any number of debaters they wish. Each school or debate club must provide one judge for each two teams or portion thereof. If a school or club is unable to provide the required number of judges, they may be charged a judging fee.

Debater Entry

1. Any regularly enrolled undergraduate college student is eligible to enter these tournaments.

2. All debaters other than those representing the host organization are required to pay the participation fee.

3. Debaters representing the host organization who do not stay in the tournament hotel and do not participate in the tournament meal plan are allowed to enter the tournament without paying the participation fee.

4. Debaters representing the host organization who stay in the tournament hotel and participate in the meal plan must pay the participation fee.

5. Debaters can choose to enter as teams or as individuals. Debaters choosing to enter as teams will indicate the name of their team members. Debaters entering as individuals can either request a particular debate partner from another school or club, or can request that the Tournament Director pair them with an appropriate partner.

Judge Entry

1. All judges entered in the tournament must read and agree to abide by the IDEA Judge standards (see Judge Accreditation Process and Standards), the NPDA Rules for Debating and Judging, and the IDEA Rules for Two Team and Four Team Parliamentary Debate.

2. All judges in the tournament are required to pay the participation fee. In the event that the tournament collects judging fees from debate teams, those fees can be used to compensate judges for their room and meals.

Judging Debates

At the end of the debate, judges will announce their decisions and provide brief oral comments to the debaters. These oral comments must include the reason for decision and suggestions for improvement.

After the decision is announced and the oral comments given to debaters, judges should quickly return the ballot to the Tournament Director. Once the ballot has been completed with a clearly indicated winner and clearly assigned speaker points, the decision of the judge cannot be changed.

Decisions by judges are not reversible and are not appealable. Judges are not allowed to change decisions based on complaints or discussions with involved parties.

Scheduling Debates

Scheduling Preliminary Rounds

1. A minimum of six preliminary rounds will be scheduled in each tournament.

2. Constraints on pairing should be as follows:

  • Sides will be assigned randomly and side constraints will operate in odd numbered rounds. In even numbered rounds teams will be assigned to the side of the resolution opposite from the side assigned in the previous rounds.
  • Teams will be constrained from meeting teams from their school or club.
  • The following methods should be employed in pairing preliminary rounds:
    • Round 1 will be paired randomly, meaning that with the exception of the previous restraints, any team has an equal chance of meeting any other team.
    • Rounds 2 - 6 will be paired using a high-low within brackets method of power pairing.

Scheduling Elimination Rounds

1. No fewer than one-third and no more than one-half of participating teams will advance to elimination rounds.

2. No team constraints apply in elimination rounds.

3. The following methods should be employed in pairing elimination rounds:

  • The first elimination round is paired so that the highest ranked team meets the lowest ranked team. For instance, in quarterfinals, team one meets team eight, team two meets team seven, team three meets team six, and team four meets team five.
  • After the first elimination round, the bracket is not reset. For instance, should team eight defeat team one, team eight assumes team one�s place in the bracket.
  • If teams from the same school or debate club meet in elimination rounds, the bracket will be broken in the simplest ways to retain the integrity of the bracket. [necessary because NPDA passed a resolution to break brackets]

Scheduling Judging

1. No coach will be assigned to judge debates involving debaters from his or her own school or club.

2. Judges and teams may specify conflicts of interest that will also be used as constraints.

Criteria for Ranking Teams and Speakers

Criteria for Ranking Teams in Elimination Rounds

Teams should be ranked using criteria in the following order.

  • Number of wins.
  • Adjusted speaker points with the highest and the lowest single ballot points dropped.
  • Total speaker points.
  • Opposition win-loss record.
  • Double adjusted points with the second highest and the second lowest points single-ballot points dropped.
  • Continued adjustments with dropping additional high and low scores.
  • In the event of an unbreakable tie, the ranking will be decided by the toss of a coin.

Criteria for Ranking Debaters for Speaker Awards

  • Adjusted speaker points with the highest and the lowest single ballot points dropped.
  • Total speaker points.
  • Double adjusted points with the second highest and the second lowest single ballot points dropped.
  • Continued adjustments with dropping additional high and low scores.
  • If continued adjustments cannot break the tie, the debaters will be declared tied for that particular speaker place.

Awards

A. Certificates and/or awards will be presented to every debater who advances to an elimination round.

B. Certificates and awards will be presented to the top ten speakers.

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